Flowers add beauty to your garden and to your home. In order for you to get a vibrant bloom all year round, you must provide your flower gardens with proper care and maintenance. One of the most important things for lush, vibrant blooms on your flowers is providing them with the right fertilizer.

Fertilizer acts as plant food and it provides your flowers with nutrients they need in order to grow and survive. The top three nutrients that every plant needs are phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium so make sure that your fertilizers contain an ample amount of these minerals.

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Natural soil, in general, contains these three minerals. However, they can be easily reduced due to rain or when the plants are watered down too much. This is why it is very important to provide nutritional supplements for flowers in the form of fertilizer so that the plants will have an ample amount of nutrients to keep them looking healthy and beautiful.

Nitrogen promotes proper growth and provides your flowers with vivacious colors that keep your garden looking fresh and beautiful. Phosphorous helps develop strong roots and makes the plants resilient to pests and extreme weather conditions. Potassium on the other hand, improves and promotes the over-all health of the flower. It also increases the chances of your flowers blooming more frequently.

Other minerals that you should also look out for in a plant fertilizer include calcium, magnesium and sulfur. These three give your flowers additional vitality and energy. Micro nutrients that will also help keep your plants looking healthy and green include manganese, boron, copper, iron, zinc and molybdenum.

Fertilizers are packed in bags for commercial use. They are labeled in a three-number format such as 5-10-20. This label is often referred to as the NPK ratio. These numbers indicate the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium that the fertilizer contains. For instance, a bag labeled 10-20-5 indicates 10% nitrogen, 20% phosphorous and 5% potassium.

The best fertilizer for flower gardening has NPK ratio of 10-10-17. This indicates a fertilizer that contains 10% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 17% potassium. The higher level of potassium content in the soil guarantees that your flowers bloom more frequently.

Fertilizers that are developed to have time release are recommended for flowers and garden foliage. Potassium is the type of element that is released over time, and a fertilizer that ensures this will provide more potassium to the flowers.

While nitrogen is an important mineral for flowers, make sure that the percentage of nitrogen content in the fertilizer is not as high as the potassium since flowers will tend to become more vegetative with higher level of nitrogen.

Fertilizers with high nitrogen content are generally for vegetables. For flowers, it is best that you focus on a product that is high in potassium and phosphorus in order to promote strong root growth and excellent flower and bloom development.

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